[ {"id":"c4960ab0-03f0-567c-8826-1a7edb31e3d8","type":"article","starttime":"1477350000","starttime_iso8601":"2016-10-24T18:00:00-05:00","lastupdated":"1477373451","priority":0,"sections":[{"health-med-fit":"lifestyles/health-med-fit"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Women Reaching Equality in Dubious Habit: Drinking","url":"http://qctimes.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/article_c4960ab0-03f0-567c-8826-1a7edb31e3d8.html","permalink":"http://qctimes.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/women-reaching-equality-in-dubious-habit-drinking/article_c4960ab0-03f0-567c-8826-1a7edb31e3d8.html","canonical":"http://news.lee.net/lifestyles/health-med-fit/women-reaching-equality-in-dubious-habit-drinking/article_7e1ab9fe-56f8-5939-8943-96e369db4e3e.html","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":1,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"By Dennis ThompsonHealthDay Reporter","prologue":"MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women have made major strides towards equality with men, but new research shows there's one way in which they are catching up that could be harmful: drinking.","supportsComments":false,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["alcohol abuse","alcohol: misc.","men's problems: misc.","women's problems: misc.","researcher","victor karpyak","tim slade","health","consequence","alcohol","geetanjali chander","wire"],"internalKeywords":["#lee"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"images":[{"id":"66e87a6f-05d1-5dd2-8c23-03f137d70aad","description":"","byline":"","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"800","height":"600","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/6e/66e87a6f-05d1-5dd2-8c23-03f137d70aad/580eeaf19cc02.image.jpg?resize=800%2C600"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"75","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/6e/66e87a6f-05d1-5dd2-8c23-03f137d70aad/580eeaf19cc02.image.jpg?resize=100%2C75"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"225","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/6e/66e87a6f-05d1-5dd2-8c23-03f137d70aad/580eeaf19cc02.image.jpg?resize=300%2C225"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"768","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/6e/66e87a6f-05d1-5dd2-8c23-03f137d70aad/580eeaf19cc02.image.jpg"}}}],"revision":3,"commentID":"c4960ab0-03f0-567c-8826-1a7edb31e3d8","body":"

MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women have made major strides towards equality with men, but new research shows there's one way in which they are catching up that could be harmful: drinking.

Women are now nearly on par with men in alcohol consumption, and the ill effects drinking has on health, a worldwide review finds.

Historically, men have been far more likely than women to drink alcohol, and to drink so much it affects their health. Older studies suggested as much as a 12-fold difference between the sexes, the researchers said.

Recent data suggests that the gap has closed. Women across the globe are now nearly as likely as men to drink and to engage in excessive, harmful drinking, said lead researcher Tim Slade. He's an epidemiologist with the National Drug and Alcohol Research Center at the University of New South Wales in Australia.

\"We can no longer think of alcohol use and alcohol-related harms as problems that just affect men,\" Slade said.

To track trends in drinking between the genders, Slade and his colleagues pooled data from more than 4 million people who were part of 68 international studies. These studies were published between 1980 and 2014. The studies included data collected between 1948 and 2014, representing people born as far back as 1891.

The researchers focused on three categories: any alcohol use, excessive use, and health and social problems related to drinking.

Men born between 1891 and 1910 were twice as likely as their female counterparts to drink alcohol. People born between 1991 and 2000 were about equally likely to drink, the researchers found.

At the same times, the gender gap for excessive drinking fell from 3 times higher for men to 1.2 times. The gender gap for harms associated with drinking fell from 3.6 times higher for men to 1.3 times, the researchers reported.

After accounting for potential bias, the researchers concluded that the gender gap for drinking fell by 3.2 percent with each successive five-year generation, but was steepest among those born from 1966 onward.

There's no single reason why more women are drinking, Slade said. It's likely that drinking has become more socially acceptable for women as they've joined the workforce, entered higher education in greater numbers, and have become more financially independent, he said.

Dr. Victor Karpyak, an alcohol researcher at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., agreed that social evolution likely has played a role in this trend.

\"This is something which is mostly influencing access to alcohol and decisions that women in different societies make about whether they can drink, whether they can drink in public, whether they can drink in the company of males, and whether it's acceptable for women to exhibit signs of intoxication,\" Karpyak said.

Paul Rinaldi, director of the Addiction Institute at Mount Sinai West in New York City, said women might also be tempted to drink to deal with the pressure placed on them to be a \"superwoman\" and manage both a career and family life.

\"There is still a mandate for women in the workplace to do it all,\" Rinaldi said. \"I think they really do feel the pressure to juggle things in a way that is different from men.\"

However, Rinaldi added that older statistics might underrepresent female drinking, since many women engaged in \"hidden drinking\" before it became socially acceptable.

With the rise in female drinking, public health officials need to step up alcohol interventions for young adult women, especially since there's such a wide variety of health problems associated with drinking, said Dr. Geetanjali Chander. Chander is an associate professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore.

Women in their 20s and 30s -- \"peak childbearing age\" -- are more likely to have a child affected by fetal alcohol disorder, and are more likely to develop liver disease and cancers associated with alcohol use, Chander said.

\"Women experience the biological consequences of alcohol use at lower levels of use than men,\" Chander said, noting that guidelines limit women to no more than 7 standard drinks per week compared with 14 drinks a week for men.

The new study appears online Oct. 25 in the journal BMJ Open.

More information

For more on women and drinking, visit the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

"}, {"id":"821aba4e-9239-56c5-88bf-6c01f4b62626","type":"article","starttime":"1477342800","starttime_iso8601":"2016-10-24T16:00:00-05:00","lastupdated":"1477373452","priority":0,"sections":[{"health-med-fit":"lifestyles/health-med-fit"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Review Says Calcium Supplements Won't Harm the Heart","url":"http://qctimes.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/article_821aba4e-9239-56c5-88bf-6c01f4b62626.html","permalink":"http://qctimes.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/review-says-calcium-supplements-won-t-harm-the-heart/article_821aba4e-9239-56c5-88bf-6c01f4b62626.html","canonical":"http://news.lee.net/lifestyles/health-med-fit/review-says-calcium-supplements-won-t-harm-the-heart/article_07a4b178-ebe1-5f87-924d-23e05738caf6.html","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":1,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"By Amy NortonHealthDay Reporter","prologue":"MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Calcium supplements, taken within recommended levels, can be considered safe for the heart, according to new guidelines.","supportsComments":false,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["food & nutrition: misc.","heart / stroke-related: coronary-artery disease","heart / stroke-related: heart attack","heart / stroke-related: misc.","nutritional supplements","vitamins / minerals","calcium","supplement","taylor wallace","heart","heart disease","erin michos","food","wire"],"internalKeywords":["#lee"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"images":[{"id":"28715e07-7ab9-52e5-ad70-87356d45359d","description":"","byline":"","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"800","height":"600","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/2/87/28715e07-7ab9-52e5-ad70-87356d45359d/580eeaf2b3e48.image.jpg?resize=800%2C600"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"75","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/2/87/28715e07-7ab9-52e5-ad70-87356d45359d/580eeaf2b3e48.image.jpg?resize=100%2C75"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"225","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/2/87/28715e07-7ab9-52e5-ad70-87356d45359d/580eeaf2b3e48.image.jpg?resize=300%2C225"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"768","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/2/87/28715e07-7ab9-52e5-ad70-87356d45359d/580eeaf2b3e48.image.jpg"}}}],"revision":3,"commentID":"821aba4e-9239-56c5-88bf-6c01f4b62626","body":"

MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Calcium supplements, taken within recommended levels, can be considered safe for the heart, according to new guidelines.

Over the past decade, a number of studies have raised questions about whether calcium supplements might contribute to heart disease or stroke. Just this month, a study of U.S. adults found that supplement users were more likely than nonusers to have plaque buildup in their heart arteries. (Calcium is a component of artery-clogging \"plaques.\")

But a new research review, commissioned by the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF), has come to a different conclusion.

On balance, the review found, the evidence doesn't support a connection between calcium supplements and heart disease or stroke.

As long as people don't go overboard, calcium supplements should be considered \"safe from a cardiovascular standpoint,\" say the guidelines from the NOF and the American Society for Preventive Cardiology.

Getting calcium from foods such as milk, yogurt and tofu is still preferred, the groups say.

Supplements can be used to \"fill any gaps\" in a person's diet, said Taylor Wallace, one of the authors of the guidelines. Wallace is an affiliate professor of nutrition at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va.

The guidelines and the evidence review are being published online Oct. 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. The NOF funded the review through a grant from Pfizer Consumer Healthcare, which makes calcium supplements.

Wallace said he thinks the research review \"puts the nail in the coffin\" when it comes to the calcium/heart disease issue.

Not everyone agreed, however.

The review confirms that calcium-rich foods are safe for heart health, according to Dr. Erin Michos. She's the associate director of preventive cardiology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore.

But, Michos said, the review didn't include all of the \"potentially relevant\" studies that have examined calcium supplements.

As an example, she pointed to a 2012 study that found a higher heart attack risk among people who used calcium supplements. This study was excluded from the new review because it didn't have information on the doses people took.

In her own study published this month, Michos found that supplement users were about one-quarter more likely than nonusers to develop calcium buildup in their heart arteries over 10 years.

Beyond that, she said, there are other reasons to view calcium supplements with caution.

\"They are known to cause bloating, constipation and kidney stones,\" Michos said. What's more, she added, the evidence that calcium supplements prevent bone fractures is actually \"not very clear.\"

Wallace acknowledged that some individual studies have linked high calcium intake to a small increase in the risk of heart disease or stroke.

He said there could have been other explanations for the slightly higher heart risk among calcium supplement users -- such as differences in their overall diet and lifestyle.

To develop the new guidelines, the NOF commissioned an updated research review, done by independent researchers at Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston.

The researchers analyzed 31 studies. Four of them were clinical trials, where older adults (mostly women) were randomly assigned to take calcium, with or without vitamin D.

None of those trials showed that supplement users had higher risks of heart disease, stroke or death than participants given placebo pills, the review found.

The rest of the studies the Tufts team analyzed were observational: They looked at the relationship between people's calcium intake, from diet or supplements, and their risk of heart disease or stroke.

Again, the researchers found the studies showed no consistent connection between higher calcium intake and higher cardiovascular risks.

In general, younger adults should get 1,000 milligrams of calcium a day, according to the Institute of Medicine, an expert panel that advises the U.S. government.

That recommendation goes up to 1,200 mg per day for women older than 50 and men older than 70 -- given their higher odds of the bone-thinning disease osteoporosis, according to the IOM.

One thing everyone seems to agree on is that calcium from food is best.

If you can get the recommended amounts through foods such as milk, cheese, yogurt and calcium-fortified juice, \"you're golden,\" Wallace said.

Michos said her advice is to opt for calcium-rich foods, and turn to supplements only if there's a shortfall in your diet.

And even when people do need a calcium boost to their diets, Michos said, a low supplement dose -- 500 mg or less per day -- would be enough.

The new guidelines do specify that people should keep their overall calcium intake -- from food and supplements -- below the \"tolerable upper level.\" That's set at 2,000 to 2,500 mg per day, according to the IOM.

An editorial published with the guidelines also offered some words of caution.

\"The preponderance of evidence does not support cardiovascular adverse effects\" from calcium supplements, wrote Dr. JoAnn Manson, from Harvard Medical School, and Dr. Karen Margolis, of the HealthPartners Institute in Minneapolis.

But the editorial authors agreed that calcium supplements do have side effects. And they urged people to take moderate supplement doses, but only if their diets are deficient in calcium.

More information

The National Osteoporosis Foundation has more information on calcium and vitamin D.

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MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Polio is almost a thing of the past, but it still exists in small pockets on the planet, U.S. health officials reported Monday.

In 1988, a global effort to eradicate polio, a disease that has crippled millions of children worldwide, began. Since then, the number of cases dropped from 350,000 to just 27 this year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

\"We are on the brink of the eradication of polio -- we are closer than ever,\" CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said during a media briefing.

\"In this period [1988-2016], 2.5 billion children have been vaccinated against polio,\" he said. \"If it were not for this effort, an estimated 15 million more children would be disabled. Every year polio eradication is delayed, the incremental cost is about $800 million.\"

The battle to eradicate the disease, however, continues in areas where it is still endemic, officials added.

\"The new cases in Nigeria highlight the need to improve tracking of the disease,\" Frieden said. \"We have to redouble our efforts to get over the finish line in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Despite big obstacles, both countries are making substantial progress.\"

Vaccinating children in some parts of the world, such as Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria, can be a dangerous task. According to published reports, workers in these areas trying to vaccinate children have been killed by extremists who believe vaccinations sterilize children or that workers are Western spies.

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is made up of five groups: the CDC, Rotary International, the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Frieden said.

\"We will get to a day when polio is history,\" Frieden said.

Finally eradicating polio is going to cost $1.5 billion, John Germ, president of Rotary International, said during the media briefing.

\"If we don't get the funding, polio is going to spread again, and it's going to cost us billions of dollars and hundreds of thousands of lives a year for the children that we must protect against this virus,\" he said. \"It can cost us a dream of a polio-free world.\"

No cure for polio exists -- it can only be prevented. The polio vaccine can protect a child for life, health officials said.

Despite the progress seen since 1988, \"as long as a single child remains infected with poliovirus, children in all countries are at risk of contracting the disease,\" according to WHO. The virus can easily be imported into a polio-free country and can spread rapidly among unvaccinated populations.

\"Failure to eradicate polio could result in as many as 200,000 new cases every year, within 10 years, all over the world,\" WHO says.

\"Polio is almost defeated,\" Reza Hossaini, director of polio eradication at UNICEF, said during the briefing. But, \"the recent cases in Nigeria remind us that almost is not good enough.\"

More information

Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for more on polio.

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MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Using the freshest blood for transfusions does not appear to boost patient survival, a new Canadian study indicates.

\"It's been a contentious issue, but our study finally puts an end to the question about whether stored blood could be harmful and fresher blood would be better,\" said lead author Nancy Heddle. She is a professor emeritus of medicine at McMaster University, in Hamilton, Ontario.

\"Our study provides strong evidence that transfusion of fresh blood does not improve patient outcomes, and this should reassure clinicians that fresher is not better,\" added Heddle, who is also research director of the McMaster Centre for Transfusion Research.

In the study, the researchers examined data from nearly 31,500 patients at six hospitals in the United States, Canada, Israel and Australia who received blood transfusions.

The in-hospital death rate was 9.1 percent among those who received the freshest blood and 8.7 percent among those who received the oldest blood, the findings showed.

More than 40 previous studies failed to adequately answer the question about whether the freshest blood was best, said study co-author John Eikelboom, a professor of medicine at McMaster.

\"Advances in blood storage now allow blood to be stored up to 42 days before transfusion, and the usual practice is to use up the blood that has been in storage the longest. But, because there are biochemical, structural and functional changes in the blood during storage, there had been concerns about the use of 'older' blood,\" Eikelboom explained in a university news release.

\"This study reassures us that aging is not bad -- even for blood,\" he added.

The findings were published Oct. 24 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

More information

The U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has more about blood transfusion.

"}, {"id":"adadbe80-49b2-5dfc-a1b1-99194eed88ec","type":"article","starttime":"1477339200","starttime_iso8601":"2016-10-24T15:00:00-05:00","lastupdated":"1477373453","priority":0,"sections":[{"health-med-fit":"lifestyles/health-med-fit"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Study: El Nino Could Boost Lyme Disease in Western U.S.","url":"http://qctimes.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/article_adadbe80-49b2-5dfc-a1b1-99194eed88ec.html","permalink":"http://qctimes.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/study-el-nino-could-boost-lyme-disease-in-western-u/article_adadbe80-49b2-5dfc-a1b1-99194eed88ec.html","canonical":"http://news.lee.net/lifestyles/health-med-fit/study-el-nino-could-boost-lyme-disease-in-western-u/article_56188b82-b0b0-5565-8cd5-68ab4dd688be.html","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":1,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"By Randy DotingaHealthDay Reporter","prologue":"MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The big shifts in rain and warmth caused by El Nino and La Nina conditions may boost Lyme disease and intestinal infections in parts of the United States, a new study suggests.","supportsComments":false,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["diarrhea","environment","environmental medicine","weather","el nino","david fisman","la nina","disease","lyme disease","wire"],"internalKeywords":["#lee"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"images":[{"id":"763126e3-fef8-5fde-b662-0ce5aad4763e","description":"","byline":"","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"800","height":"600","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/7/63/763126e3-fef8-5fde-b662-0ce5aad4763e/580eeaf51a6bf.image.jpg?resize=800%2C600"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"75","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/7/63/763126e3-fef8-5fde-b662-0ce5aad4763e/580eeaf51a6bf.image.jpg?resize=100%2C75"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"225","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/7/63/763126e3-fef8-5fde-b662-0ce5aad4763e/580eeaf51a6bf.image.jpg?resize=300%2C225"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"768","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/7/63/763126e3-fef8-5fde-b662-0ce5aad4763e/580eeaf51a6bf.image.jpg"}}}],"revision":3,"commentID":"adadbe80-49b2-5dfc-a1b1-99194eed88ec","body":"

MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The big shifts in rain and warmth caused by El Nino and La Nina conditions may boost Lyme disease and intestinal infections in parts of the United States, a new study suggests.

Over four decades, more tick-borne disease in the West and more gastrointestinal disease in the Northeast were tied to the periodic swings in weather conditions, researchers said.

They believe the findings provide insight into potential effects of climate change.

\"There are important links between the environment and infectious disease risk, not only in low-income countries, like places with a lot of malaria, but in high-income countries like the U.S. and Canada, too,\" said study lead author Dr. David Fisman. He's a professor of epidemiology at the University of Toronto's Dalla Lana School of Public Health.

\"Hopefully, people will understand that environmental change can impact their health, not only directly -- via extreme heat or cold -- but also indirectly via impacts on infectious disease.\"

El Nino and La Nina are bands of warm water and cold water, respectively, which occur periodically in the tropical Pacific Ocean. They can affect weather in other parts of the world.

In the United States, El Nino is generally tied to wetter weather in the South and drier conditions in the Pacific Northwest.

For the new study, the researchers examined U.S. hospitalization data for various kinds of diseases from 1970 to 2010 and looked for possible links to El Nino-type events.

\"We discovered that the risk of some diseases, especially diarrhea diseases and tick-borne disease, does seem to be affected, but the direction of effect is different in different parts of the U.S.,\" Fisman said.

The researchers aren't certain that weather shifts directly caused the varying patterns in illness they've detected.

Still, they saw a surge of diseases spread by ticks, mainly Lyme disease, in Western states about a year after an El Nino.

Diseases that cause diarrhea seemed to decrease in the West but increase in other areas, especially the Northeast, in relation to the weather conditions, Fisman said.

The true effect could be much bigger, he said, since the researchers are only looking at cases in which people were hospitalized.

How much of an effect might an El Nino or La Nina season have overall on the health of people in the United States? The research suggests a 15 percent increase in diarrhea illnesses for which people were hospitalized in the Northeast, the study authors said.

This could translate to an average 1.5 cases of diarrhea per person a year instead of an estimated 1.3 cases, Fisman said.

\"If you're talking about the northeastern U.S.,\" he said, \"that would potentially be 11 million excess diarrhea cases in a given year.\"

Researchers, however, aren't sure how weather affects the tick-borne and diarrhea illnesses.

Still, Fisman said that if weather is the factor, it may affect regions in different ways. Droughts, for example, may boost the risk of diarrhea because drinking water is less diluted, providing more opportunity for contamination by germs, he said.

In other areas, people may be susceptible to bacteria in runoff accompanying heavy rains, the study suggested.

One message of the study is that \"the climate is changing and so is the risk of infectious disease,\" said Durland Fish, professor emeritus of microbial diseases at Yale School of Public Health. He's also a professor of forestry and environmental studies.

\"There is likely to be a cause-and-effect relationship,\" said Fish, who wasn't involved in the study.

However, \"not enough research is being conducted to determine what it is for most diseases, even in the short-term,\" he said.

What's needed, Fish noted, is more federal funding to explore the issue, and greater collaboration between epidemiologists and ecologists.

The study appears Oct. 24 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

More information

For more about climate change and health, see the U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

"}, {"id":"070ff24b-461c-57a1-8da8-223a19779eed","type":"article","starttime":"1477339200","starttime_iso8601":"2016-10-24T15:00:00-05:00","lastupdated":"1477373454","priority":0,"sections":[{"health-med-fit":"lifestyles/health-med-fit"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Stronger Muscles May Pump Up Your Memory","url":"http://qctimes.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/article_070ff24b-461c-57a1-8da8-223a19779eed.html","permalink":"http://qctimes.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/stronger-muscles-may-pump-up-your-memory/article_070ff24b-461c-57a1-8da8-223a19779eed.html","canonical":"http://news.lee.net/lifestyles/health-med-fit/stronger-muscles-may-pump-up-your-memory/article_7f40366c-65dc-5e8c-b42f-dc3bb8f99bd4.html","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":1,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"prologue":"MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Boosting muscle strength may boost brain function in people with mild memory and thinking problems, a new study finds.","supportsComments":false,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["brain","exercise: misc.","exercise: weight lifting","memory problems","seniors","yorgi mavros","memory","muscle","mild cognitive impairment","alzheimer's","benefit","wire"],"internalKeywords":["#lee"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"images":[{"id":"1db42303-a303-5d82-bb57-13216badb84b","description":"","byline":"","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"800","height":"600","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/1/db/1db42303-a303-5d82-bb57-13216badb84b/580eeaf5c173d.image.jpg?resize=800%2C600"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"75","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/1/db/1db42303-a303-5d82-bb57-13216badb84b/580eeaf5c173d.image.jpg?resize=100%2C75"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"225","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/1/db/1db42303-a303-5d82-bb57-13216badb84b/580eeaf5c173d.image.jpg?resize=300%2C225"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"768","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/1/db/1db42303-a303-5d82-bb57-13216badb84b/580eeaf5c173d.image.jpg"}}}],"revision":3,"commentID":"070ff24b-461c-57a1-8da8-223a19779eed","body":"

MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Boosting muscle strength may boost brain function in people with mild memory and thinking problems, a new study finds.

The research included 100 people aged 55 to 86. All had mild memory and thinking problems (mild cognitive impairment).

The study volunteers who did weight training twice a week for six months to at least 80 percent of their maximum strength showed significant improvements in mental function.

The benefits lasted for at least a year after their supervised weight-lifting sessions ended, the study showed.

The results were published Oct. 24 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

\"What we found in this follow-up study is that the improvement in cognition [mental] function was related to their muscle strength gains,\" said study lead author Yorgi Mavros, of the faculty of health sciences at the University of Sydney, Australia.

\"The stronger people became, the greater the benefit for their brain,\" Mavros added in a university news release.

The findings could help guide the type and intensity of exercise recommended for aging adults, the researchers said.

\"The more we can get people doing resistance training like weight lifting, the more likely we are to have a healthier aging population,\" Mavros said.

\"The key, however, is to make sure you are doing it frequently, at least twice a week, and at a high intensity so that you are maximizing your strength gains. This will give you the maximum benefit for your brain,\" Mavros explained.

More information

The Alzheimer's Association has more about mild cognitive impairment.

"}, {"id":"9752206c-5e4c-5b1d-8115-e79f9c2006a7","type":"article","starttime":"1477339200","starttime_iso8601":"2016-10-24T15:00:00-05:00","lastupdated":"1477373454","priority":0,"sections":[{"health-med-fit":"lifestyles/health-med-fit"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Take Meds as Directed to Boost Survival After Heart Procedures","url":"http://qctimes.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/article_9752206c-5e4c-5b1d-8115-e79f9c2006a7.html","permalink":"http://qctimes.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/take-meds-as-directed-to-boost-survival-after-heart-procedures/article_9752206c-5e4c-5b1d-8115-e79f9c2006a7.html","canonical":"http://news.lee.net/lifestyles/health-med-fit/take-meds-as-directed-to-boost-survival-after-heart-procedures/article_b29cc8f0-a154-52b8-8615-bef6fa83d31f.html","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":1,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"prologue":"THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking medications as prescribed improves outcomes for heart procedure patients, a new study finds.","supportsComments":false,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["drugs: misc.","heart / stroke-related: misc.","heart attack: management / prevention","heart bypass","prescription drugs","statins","stents","survival","patient","bypass","heart","paul kurlansky","blood vessel","angioplasty","medication","wire"],"internalKeywords":["#lee"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"images":[{"id":"7f69e59e-216c-5af4-bafc-f826eaae25d6","description":"","byline":"","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"800","height":"600","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/7/f6/7f69e59e-216c-5af4-bafc-f826eaae25d6/580eeaf6681a5.image.jpg?resize=800%2C600"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"75","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/7/f6/7f69e59e-216c-5af4-bafc-f826eaae25d6/580eeaf6681a5.image.jpg?resize=100%2C75"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"225","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/7/f6/7f69e59e-216c-5af4-bafc-f826eaae25d6/580eeaf6681a5.image.jpg?resize=300%2C225"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"768","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/qctimes.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/7/f6/7f69e59e-216c-5af4-bafc-f826eaae25d6/580eeaf6681a5.image.jpg"}}}],"revision":3,"commentID":"9752206c-5e4c-5b1d-8115-e79f9c2006a7","body":"

THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking medications as prescribed improves outcomes for heart procedure patients, a new study finds.

Researchers looked at 973 heart bypass patients and 2,255 patients who underwent angioplasty and stenting to reopen clogged heart arteries.

Heart bypass surgery is when surgeons take a piece of blood vessel from somewhere else in the body to bypass a blocked portion of the heart's artery.

Angioplasty is performed using a thin catheter that's threaded through the blood vessels to the heart. A balloon on the end of the catheter is inflated to open the narrowed blood vessel. Sometimes a stent (a mesh or wire tube) will be left in the blood vessel to keep it open.

Prescribed medications in the study included cholesterol-lowering statins, blood thinners and beta blockers. Follow-up information was collected 12 to 18 months after the heart procedures.

Overall, patients in both groups who took their medications as prescribed were more than twice as likely to have complication-free survival than those who did not take their medications as prescribed.

In both groups of patients, those who left the hospital on aspirin (a blood thinner) and statins and were still on both medications at all follow-up checkups had better complication-free survival rates than patients who at any point didn't take their medications.

The researchers also found that among patients who take their medications as prescribed, heart bypass may not offer more benefits than angioplasty and stenting, according to the study.

Findings were published Oct. 24 in the journal Circulation.

\"Adherence can have a dramatic impact on the long-term outcome of both heart bypass and angioplasty patients, and that impact may be more compelling in angioplasty than in bypass patients,\" study lead author Dr. Paul Kurlansky said in a journal news release. He's a cardiac surgeon at New York-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center in New York City.

Heart bypass restores blood flow to the heart. Angioplasty and stenting helps open blocked blood vessels. Because heart bypass may get better blood flow, the benefits of that procedure may rely less on appropriate medication therapy, the researchers suggested.

\"We know enough from this study to seriously ask the question -- are patients unwilling to adhere to medication schedules better off choosing heart bypass over angioplasty -- but the answer needs to come from larger, more contemporary trials,\" Kurlansky said.

More information

The American Heart Association has more on heart surgery and procedures.

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MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Most women who choose so-called laughing gas to control pain while giving birth eventually ask for an epidural anyway, a new study finds.

Laughing gas (nitrous oxide) is an inhaled anesthetic commonly used to manage labor pain in a number of countries. The gas reduces anxiety and makes patients less aware of pain, researchers said.

\"Nitrous oxide is gaining interest among expectant mothers as an option to manage labor pain and is becoming more widely available in the United States,\" said lead investigator Dr. Caitlin Sutton, an obstetric anesthesiology fellow at Stanford University School of Medicine in Palo Alto, Calif.

\"However, we found that for the majority of patients, nitrous oxide does not prevent them from requesting an epidural. While nitrous oxide may be somewhat helpful, epidural anesthesia remains the most effective method for managing labor pain,\" she added.

Epidural anesthesia is generally administered through a tube placed into the lower back, into the space below the spinal cord. It blocks pain in the lower part of the body so a woman can be awake and alert during delivery. It is the most common type of labor pain relief used in the United States, the study authors said.

In the study, the researchers reviewed the medical records of nearly 4,700 women who delivered vaginally at a U.S. obstetrics center between September 2014 and September 2015. Only 148 of the women chose nitrous oxide to manage their labor pain.

On average, the pain score immediately before receiving nitrous oxide was 8 on a scale from 0 to 10, and that score remained the same after receiving nitrous oxide. The average length of time that nitrous oxide was used was 80 minutes.

Sixty percent of the women who used nitrous oxide eventually decided to get an epidural anyway, according to the study.

The research was to be presented Monday at the annual meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), in Chicago.

Further research is needed to determine which women would most benefit from nitrous oxide during labor, Sutton said.

\"Knowing which patients are more likely to convert from nitrous oxide to an epidural can help physician anesthesiologists offer more individualized counseling to patients when they are in labor,\" she explained in an ASA news release.

Research presented at medical meetings is considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information

The U.S. Office on Women's Health has more about labor and birth.

"} ]