Joining their Democratic colleagues, U.S. Reps. Dave Loebsack, D-Iowa, and Cheri Bustos, D-Ill., voted against the Republican tax cut bill in the House on Thursday.
The two said the plan was tilted too heavily to the wealthy, would explode the deficit and hurt the middle class.
The House passed the bill by a 227-205 margin. All but 13 Republicans voted for the bill. All the Democrats voted against it.
Proponents of the legislation heralded its passage and said that it would deliver significant relief to the middle class, grow the economy and simplify the tax code.
"I have been very clear from the beginning of this debate that I support doing tax reform that puts hardworking families first and creates jobs, but that’s not what Speaker Ryan and Washington Republicans voted to pass today,” Bustos said after the vote.
Earlier this week, her office, citing a Tax Policy Center study, said 30 million Americans would see their taxes go up under the plan.
Loebsack said the bill was rushed through and would hurt everyday Iowans.
"The plan slashes taxes for millionaires, billionaires and corporations, while many middle class families, small businesses, seniors, teachers and veterans will be faced with an increase," he said.
Loebsack and Bustos were targeted earlier this week by a conservative group, American Action Network, which bought television advertising urging support for the tax bill. And a spokesperson for the Republican National Committee was critical of the Democrats' vote Thursday. In an email criticizing Loebsack's vote, Christiana Purves, said "voters will remember his decision to toe the party line and oppose much-needed tax relief come Election Day 2018."
House Republicans have said the typical family would save an average of $1,200 from their tax plan. They defined a typical family as a household of four with income of $59,000.
The Tax Policy Center analysis of the House plan last week said that, in 2018, 7 percent of taxpayers would see an average tax increase of $2,100 from the bill. But it also said that 76 percent of taxpayers would see a cut averaging $1,900, with the savings much higher for those at the top of the income scale and lower for those who are further down.
By 2027, the report said, those getting a tax cut would shrink to 61 percent as some provisions in the legislation expire and because of other changes. Twenty-four percent of taxpayers would see their taxes increase at that time, the report said.
The House passage now shifts attention to the Senate. Republicans there have introduced their own bill and passage in that chamber is considered to be a more difficult task.