CICADAS

17-year cicadas about to emerge by the millions

2014-06-02T04:30:00Z 2014-06-13T12:36:49Z 17-year cicadas about to emerge by the millionsAlma Gaul agaul@qctimes.com The Quad-City Times
June 02, 2014 4:30 am  • 

One of the most amazing stories of the insect world will unfold this month in southeastern Iowa — including Scott, Cedar, Muscatine and Louisa counties — when the 17-year, periodical cicada crawls out of the ground in woody areas.

Annual cicadas are around every summer. They're the 1- to 1½-inch-long insects that make the high-pitched whining sound you hear incessantly late in the season.

But the red-eyed, 17-year cicada is a particular kind that lives in North America, east of the Rockies, emerging once only every 17 years, in highly synchronized fashion.

The ones we'll see are the offspring of the adults that were last seen in 1997. They laid eggs then, and for 17 years the cicada nymphs have been living underground.

Dr. Donald Lewis, an entomologist at Iowa State University in Ames, received his first call about the emergence Thursday morning from Burlington.

"Cool!" he said in an email announcing the news. "We have waited 17 years for this call."

In Illinois, the affected counties closest to the Quad-Cities are Henderson, Warren and Knox.

People need not be afraid of the cicadas, which live five to six weeks after emerging. Once they're out of the ground, they don't eat anything and they don't bite. The only damage they might cause is some temporary dieback in twigs where their eggs are laid.

They just can be very loud and numerous. 

"With populations that can reach up to 1.5 million insects per acre, the sound (of their singing) can be as deafening, as it is incessant," Lewis said. 

The phenomenon was first studied 1878 by an Iowa State entomology professor.

If you live on land that was originally prairie, be it in town or on a farm now, you likely won't see the cicadas because they live in woods. But in old wooded areas, they'll be difficult to miss.

"You might find them in Duck Creek Park or older parks with undisturbed, old-growth woodlands," Lewis said.

Their "incessant, incredible" singing will be during the day, ending by mid-afternoon or dusk, he said.

The noise is the male cicada's way of attracting a mate. They "sing" by vibrating shell-like membranes along the side of their abdomen several times per second.

The broods stay largely in the same area from cycle to cycle, migrating only about 200 yards at most, Lewis said.

Why the 17-year cycle?

This may have developed over the centuries as a way to escape predators such as birds, Lewis said. With the insects all hatching at once, there are so many of them that they can't possibly be eaten to the point where their existence is threatened.

"It's strength in numbers," he explained.

Lewis finds the cicadas mind-boggling for four reasons: their long, 17-year cycle, their sheer numbers ("They have a population density that is staggering to think of"), their extremely loud "singing" and their exact synchronization.

"They are just bugs after all, bugs living underground, and for them all to emerge at the same time is just amazing."

Copyright 2015 The Quad-City Times. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

(9) Comments

  1. furrygreg
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    furrygreg - June 02, 2014 2:44 pm
    When I was stationed in South Korea with the Air Force, I would watch the local kids run around and gather up the Cicadas when they emerged from the ground and they were still in their shells. The kids would then play with the insects for a while until they either got bored or hungry. Once playtime was over, someone would build a small fire and they would then roast and eat them. I never had the courage to try one, but I hear they taste like chicken.
  2. BennieFergusen
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    BennieFergusen - June 02, 2014 12:02 pm
    Orpheus, did you even read the article?
    "Annual cicadas are around every summer. They're the 1- to 1½-inch-long insects that make the high-pitched whining sound you hear incessantly late in the season.

    But the red-eyed, 17-year cicada is a particular kind that lives in North America, east of the Rockies, emerging once only every 17 years, in highly synchronized fashion."
  3. Orpheus
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    Orpheus - June 02, 2014 11:32 am
    "17 year" cicadas come out every year.
  4. zetar
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    zetar - June 02, 2014 11:31 am
    The reason that it's a 17 year cycle (there are also 7 year cycles) is because it's a prime number. That way predators who emerge every other year won't catch them.
  5. Klaatu
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    Klaatu - June 02, 2014 11:10 am
    The sound of the cicadas in the evening is the sound of summer to me. One of the strongest memories from my childhood.
  6. Klaatu
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    Klaatu - June 02, 2014 11:09 am
    Everything else is, why not that too?
  7. atlasshrugged
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    atlasshrugged - June 02, 2014 10:36 am
    obama says it's Bush's fault.
  8. cruzrlady09
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    cruzrlady09 - June 02, 2014 7:19 am
    Love those crunchy little bugs!
  9. BennieFergusen
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    BennieFergusen - June 01, 2014 11:19 am
    And after that the cicada killer wasps will emerge. Those guys are beastly!
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