In the U.S., diabetes is an extremely common disorder. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 29 million Americans, or 9.3 percent, have either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Whether it's genetic or a result of a poor diet with little exercise, the prevalence of diabetes in America seems high, especially when you consider the $245 billion price tag Americans are paying for diabetes treatment annually.
If the U.S. is in trouble with a diabetes epidemic, what does a country with low diabetes rates look like? HealthGrove, a health data site by Graphiq, identified the 110 countries with the lowest diabetes prevalence. To compile this list, analysts at HealthGrove used data from the International Diabetes Federation's 2015 Diabetes Atlas. The data includes the prevalence of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes (either diagnosed or undiagnosed), as well as the number of diabetes-related fatalities and the annual health care costs of a person who has diabetes. HealthGrove ranked countries by age-adjusted prevalence (percent of people who have diabetes adjusted to account for how occurrences of diabetes differ through age and different age structures in various countries).
Countries are ranked from highest to lowest diabetes rate. If countries had the same diabetes prevalence, the country with fewer diabetes-related deaths appears higher on the list. The average amount spent per person with diabetes for each country, as reported by the IDF, is also included. These amounts are measured in international dollars, a hypothetical currency with the same purchasing power parity of U.S. dollars in the U.S. at a given point in time.
According to the International Diabetes Foundation, the global prevalence rate of diabetes in 2015 was 8.8 percent. Each of these countries falls at least 12 percent below the global average, with some countries reporting over 150 percent below the global average rate of diabetes. This data shows that while there are many countries with long life expectancies and low diabetes rates, like Canada and Germany, a low diabetes rate does not ensure a longer life expectancy or other health benefits. Many countries with a very low diabetes prevalence deal with other serious health complications, including malnutrition, HIV/AIDS and malaria. Countries with low diabetes rates are extremely varied -- from tropical Vietnam to the frozen fjords of Norway.
Note: There are countries where certain variables are not monitored and could not be extrapolated accurately by the IDF, so are left blank.