The U.S. Department of Agriculture released its crop production estimates for October on Thursday.
Illinois farmers are expected to produce 2.3 billion bushels of corn this year, up 5 percent over last year, with an estimated yield of 212 bushels per acre. While the estimated yield is down 2 percent from last month’s estimates, yield is still 11 bushels higher than in 2017. If realized it will be the second highest production on record for Illinois farmers.
Illinois farmers are expected to set records with this year’s soybean crop. The USDA estimates that Illinois farmers will produce 710 million bushels of soybeans. That is 16 percent higher than the 2017 crop. If realized it will be the highest soybean production on record for Illinois farmers. Yields are expected to reach 66 bushels per acre, up 8 bushels an acre over 2017.
Iowa’s farmers are expected to produce 2.6 billion bushels of corn. Yields are forecast to average 204 bushels per acre which would be a new record if realized.
Iowa farmers also are expected to produce 606 million bushels of soybeans, which would set a new record over last year’s record-setting production of 567 million bushels. Yields are forecast at 61 bushels per acres, which is 4 bushels higher per acre than last year, and would set a new record surpassing the 60 bushels per acre record set in 2016.