No look at race in the Quad-Cities is complete without the story of one-time free infant; one-time enslaved person; one-time escapee who was also a Civil War veteran; longtime multi-lingual Arsenal employee, minister and local celebrity — Milton Howard.
Howard worked at the Rock Island Arsenal for well over 50 years, earning nicknames such as “the Deacon,” and “the Linguist,” the latter because he spoke English, German and French and dabbled in Italian, Spanish and Gaelic.
“He was kidnapped in Muscatine as an infant, is recorded as a slave in Montgomery, Alabama, at age 2, later escaped as a child and returned north but could not find his family,” said his great-granddaughter, Karen Orozco Gutierrez of Davenport, the daughter of Glenn Perkins, Howard's grandson; and the granddaughter of Pearl Howard Perkins, Howard's daughter.
“He paved the way for all of us," Gutierrez said.
She attributes his celebrity status to his story. He was born in Muscatine around 1852.
"They were kidnapped one night around 1852, when he was an infant," she said. "They were taken south and sold into slavery. He himself was born free, but he was a slave. This happened when he was a child, Then he got separated from his family, and he had several slave holders. He escaped with a group of people before the Civil War. When the Civil War broke out, he was still a child at this time. He made his way back north. One of the Union soldiers took responsibility for him, brought him back north and took him back to Muscatine."
At that point, still a young boy, he joined the United States Colored Troops, Iowa regiment and went to war.
"I am (quite proud of him),” Gutierrez said. “It was a brutal time period, when he was born and raised, when he lived for him — a person of color. If they had been free and not kidnapped, his life would have been a lot different. Our lives would have all been different. All the generations, it’s affected us one way or the other.”
Gutierrez enjoys history and genealogy and took a trip to Montgomery, Alabama, to learn more about her great-grandfather. She befriended a co-researcher from the South, Karen Banks, whose kin had been slave owners.
Banks turned the trip into an article in The Smithsonian magazine.
Walking the areas Howard walked as a slave gave her a deep appreciation of his life.
“He persevered. He never quit," Gutierrez said. "He had a positive outlook on life. I am sure he missed his family terribly, but somehow he was able to face forward every day and did the best that he could. He lived to be about 77, which is pretty good.”
She doesn’t even blame the times he lived in for holding him back at the Arsenal.
"He was injured in the military when he was a soldier and he was crippled," Gutierrez said. "So that’s the reason why he couldn't really do the hard work like farm work. He did mostly light industrial work. They had him digging confederate graves toward the end there. He just had light work. He had kind of like buckshot (from a wound in the Civil War) that he carried around for the rest of his life. That’s not unusual (for that time).”
George Eaton, Arsenal historian, said Howard took shrapnel to his knees and legs, and had a limp the rest of his life.
“But he works on the Arsenal until (at least) 1920. From 1866 until 1920. In 1920, they had a ceremony where they get 50-year medals. It’s given to four or five guys, and he was one of them.”
Howard the linguist and preacher
Howard was a house servant in the South, and he picked up French that way.
“He learned French from his first owners ... their family had been French Huguenots (French Protestants). I think they came from North Carolina and Alabama," Gutierrez said. "So he learned French there when he was a child. And he learned English there.
“When he came back up north, Davenport had a large immigrant population with the Germans, and the Irish, so we definitely know he knew German, and probably several other language," she said. "German and French besides English for sure.”
Gutierrez believes he knew Italian and Gaelic, too, and maybe even Spanish.
“He did have some Hispanic neighbors,” she said. “He probably could speak a little Spanish because that’s close to English in a way."
Among his nicknames was The Deacon. It likely sprung from all the churches he preached at, Gutierrez said. But Milton Howard only once had his own church. He read and wrote English at an elementary level, Gutierrez said, and that probably held him back.
She gets most of her information from newspapers.com and recalling an uncle she spoke with long ago who knew him.
“They always talked about him,” she said of her family. “One of my uncles actually knew him, so we heard firsthand some of the things that he said. But not a lot was passed down. There’s some things we read. He was in the press a lot.”
She praises her great-grandfather in ways that make you think the whole Quad-Cities should join in.
“We all got opportunities that we wouldn't have had probably if Milton Howard hadn’t paved the way for us,” Gutierrez said, referring to her family. “It was really hard for him. I can’t say that enough. Just how difficult (it was)," she said.
"Just for one example, he moved 25 times in his lifetime.”
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